Home works and Assignments Online

Home » Class XII

Category Archives: Class XII

Business Studies, XII

  1. Define management?
  2. Explain the features of management?
  3. Explain the importance of management to modern business?
  4. Explain whether the management is full pledged profession?
  5. Explain the objectives of management?
  6. What is coordination? Explain its importance?
  7. Explain the functions of different levels of management?
  8. Explain the nature of management?
  9. Explain whether management science and an art?
  10. Explain the functions of management?
Advertisements

Accountancy, XII

  1. What are not for profit organisations?
  2. Give two examples of not for profit organisations.
  3. State the features of not for profit organisations.
  4. State various accounts prepared by not for profit organisations?
  5. What is Receipts and Payments A/C? State its features.
  6. What is Income and Expenditure A/C?
  7. Distinguish between income and expenditure a/c and receipts and payments a/c.
  8. Explain how will you treat the following items while preparing accounts for not for profit organisations:
  • Donations
  • Entrance fee
  • Legacies
  • Subscriptions
  • Sale of sports materials
  • Endowment fund.

 

  1. Show how will you deal with the following items in the financial statements of a Sports Club:
            Details  Amount (Rs)
     Sports Fund

Sports Fund Investments

Income from Sports Fund Investments

Donation for Sports Fund

Sports prizes awarded

Expenses on sports events

General fund

General fund investments

   35,000

35,000

4,000

15,000

10,000

4,000

20,000

20,000

 

  1.  From the following Receipts and Payments Account of Literary Club and from the information   supplied, prepare Income and Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st December 2017 and Balance sheet on that date.  Also identify the value being conveyed in the problem.

Receipts and Payments Account for the year ended 31st Dec. 2017.

    Receipts Amount       Payments  Amount
Balance b/d

Subscriptions:         Rs

2016           1,200

2017          26,500

2018            500

Sale of old furniture

(Book value Rs 7000)

Interest on fixed deposits

Sale of old newspaper

Government Grants

 19,550

 

 

 

28,200

 

5,700

450

1,250

10,000                             

 65,150

Salaries

Furniture

Electricity charges

Books

Newspapers

Rent

Fixed deposit

(on 1/04/2017@9% p.a)

Balance c/d

   3,000

10,500

1,000

10,600

2,050

6,800

 

20,000

11,200

 

 65,150

 

 

  • Subscriptions outstanding as on 31/12/2016 were Rs . 2,000 and on 31/12/2017 was Rs 2,500
  • On 31st 2016, Salaries outstanding amounted to Rs. 600. and Rent outstanding was Rs. 1,200

(iii)The Club owed furniture Rs;15,000 and Books Rs, 7,000 on 1/01/2017

  1. Define partnership? State its features?
  2. What is partnership deed? State its cotents?
  3. In the absence partnership deed how will you treat the following in partnership A/cs.
  • Interest on capital
  • Interest on drawings
  • Salary to partner
  • Loans and advances

Computer Science, XII

Computer Science, Class XII, Shift-1

English, XII

  1. You are Harish/Hashitha of 12, Seva Nagar, Pune. You want to sell your flat as you are shifting to another city for work. Draft a suitable advertisement in not more than 50 words to be published in the classified columns of a newspaper.
  2. You are Neeraj/Neeraja Shekar, Principal, Vasant Public school, Pune. Your school has just started a music department. Write a letter to manager of Melody House, Pune, wholesale suppliers of musical instruments, placing an order for musical instruments for the school. Ask for a discount on the catalogue prices. (150 words)
  3. Bal Vidya Public School, Bhilai urgently requires a post graduate teacher to teach political science for which they have placed an advertisement in The Bhilai Express. You are Sanjay/Sanjana Sharma from 21, Vasant Vihar, Bhilai. Draft a letter including a CV, applying for the advertised post (150 words).
  4. “Academic Excellence is the only requirement for a successful career.” Write a debate either for or against the motion. (200 words). You are Gopal/Gopika, class XII.
  5. MMD School, Nahik, recently organised a science symposium on the topic: ‘Effect of pollution on quality of life’. You are Amit/Amita Razdan, editor of the school magazine. Write a report on the even for your school magazine in about 200 words.
  6. ‘The Last Lesson’ describes the impact of war on school life’. Elucidate (150 words)
  7. Scientific explorations should not be allowed to go on without moral and ethical control. Comment on the statement on the basis of your reading of ‘The Invisible Man’. (150 words)

 

Information Practices, XII

For the various swing controls in Net Beans, prepare a chart like the following:

  1. Swing Control Name: jLabel

Properties

Property Description
text Displays the text on the label
toolTipText Displays the text when mouse is moved over the label control
font Sets the font of the text displayed in label control
enabled Determines whether label control is enabled or not at runtime
name Sets the name of the label control
setText Sets the text displayed on label at runtime
getText Retrieves the text from label at runtime.  It returns a string value

 

Like the above data, prepare properties table for the following swing controls:

  1. jButton
  2. jTextField
  3. jTextArea
  4. jRadioButton
  5. jCheckBox
  6. jComboBox
  7. jListBox
  8. jButtonGroup
  9. jOptionPane

Maths, Class XII

Question Paper No.1

Question Paper No. 2

Question Paper No. 3

Question Paper No. 4

Question Paper No. 5

Question Paper No. 6

Question Paper No. 7

Question Paper No. 8

Question Paper No. 9

Question Paper No. 10

Business Studies, XII

  • What did Taylor want to communicate through mental revolution?
  • What is meant by span of management?
  • Super Fine Rice Ltd. has the largest share of 55% in the market. The company‟s policy is to sell only for cash. In 2015, for the first time company‟s number one position in the industry has been threatened because other companies started selling rice on credit also. But the managers of Super Fine Rice Ltd. continued to rely on it‟s previously tried and tested successful plans which didn‟t work because the environment is not static. This led to decline in sales of Super Fine Rice Ltd.

The above situation is indicating two limitations of planning which led to decline in it sales. Identify these limitations.

  • Why is it said that directing takes place where ever superior-subordinate relationship exists?
  • When is financial leverage favourable?
  • ABC Ltd. issued prospectus for the subscription of its shares for ` 500 crores in 2008. The issue was oversubscribed by 20 times. The company issued shares to all the applicants on pro-rata basis. Later SEBI inspected the prospectus and found some misleading statement about the management of the company in it. SEBI imposed a penalty of ` 5 crores and banned its three executive directors for dealing in securities market for three years.

Identify the function and its type performed by SEBI in the above case.

  • Ronit Raj, a marketing manager is a patient of diabetes for which he takes medicines regularly. One day, on his tour to Patna, he met with an accident and was hospitalised. Due to doctors‟ negligence a delicate nerve of his right leg was cut rendering hum crippled throughout his life. Identify the consumer right that has been violated by the doctors under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 in the above situation.
  • Sirajuddin purchased a car for `15 lacs from an automobile company and found that its airbags were defective. After many complaints with the company that went unheard, he filed a case in the District Forum. He was not satisfied with the orders of the District Forum. He then appealed before the State Commission and on being dissatisfied with the orders of State Commission, he appealed before the National Commission. Sirajuddin was not satisfied with the orders of National Commission.

Suggest him the highest authority where he could appeal against the decision of the National Commission.

  • How does controlling help in “Judging accuracy of standards” and “Ensuring order and discipline.
  • State the main aspects in the concept of planning?
  • M/s Beta Ltd. deals in consumer goods. It employs 100 workers and 10 operative managers who give guidance and support to the workers while operating the machinery. The company has a policy of granting leave as per the requirement of the workers. Workers are generally granted leave on festivals and special occasions. Recently on Puja festival, it received a big order. Workers are keen to take Puja holidays while management is pressing hard for overtime. This matter was placed before the Personnel Manager who called the meeting of operative managers and workers to inform them about the changes in the incentive plan which states payment of double wages for working overtime and triple wages for working on holidays. Workers without any pressure voluntarily took limited holidays and were able to increase their earning by working overtime and on holidays. During Board of Directors meeting, Personnel Manager was asked to update the management for achieving higher output, meeting timely supplies without any confrontation with workers. Personnel Manager replied, “I just used a carrot with no sticks approach”.

By quoting the lines from above paragraph state any two elements of directing.

  • Money market is essentially a market for short-term funds‟. In the light of this statement, state any three features of money market.
  • „Grahak Shakti‟, an N.G.O. organized a workshop to discuss various issues relating to consumers. During the discussion, one of the members drew attention towards exploitation of consumers due to defective and unsafe products, adulteration, black marketing, hoarding etc. To this another member argued that consumers themselves are responsible as they do not raise collective voice against the exploitation. The Chairperson of the organization was of the opinion that it was also the duty of the businessman to take care of the interests of various stakeholders. Business organizations earn money by selling goods and services to consumers. So the interests of the stakeholders have to be well taken care of.
  • State three points that highlight the need for consumer protection as discussed in „Grahak Shakti‟s workshop.
  • State any four functions of operational management
  • Ramdas, aged 49 is working in an aviation company. He is the senior most employee in his division. He is even senior to the division manager, Kanaputti. Ramdas is considered one of the most committed, capable and hard-working employees. As a result of his abilities and seniority, he generally received the work assignments of his choice. Although there was no formal designation of various „special‟ projects assigned to Ramdas, he handled them as a matter of routine. A problem developed when an able and intelligent person Nagarjuna, aged 33, was appointed by Kanaputti. Nagarjun‟s previous three years‟ experience in the closely related work, made it possible for him to catch on to the routine work of his new job more rapidly than was customary for a new employee. On several occasions, Kanaputti noticed the tension developing between the two employees. However, he didn‟t want to get involved in their personal issues as long as the work was completed effectively and efficiently by them. One day, the tension between them reached the boiling point and Ramdas complained to Kanaputti stating that his duties were being largely taken over by Nagarjun. Kanaputti issued the order stating the clear allocation of the jobs and related duties between the two. He further clarified the working relationship between them by specifying who was to report to whom. This helped in reducing the workload, enhancing productivity and removing ambiguity.
  1. Identify and state the step of organizing process which has not been carried out properly and contributed to this problem.
  2. State the two steps of the organizing process which have been taken by Kanaputti to respond to the complaint of Ramdas.

3.Also state two points of importance of organizing as reflected in the above case.

  • Human Resource Management includes many specialized activities and duties which the human resource personnel must perform. In the light of this statement, explain any four such duties performed by Human Resource Manager.
  • Resolutions Pvt. Ltd. is a publishing company. Its book on Business Studies for class XII is in great demand. As a result, the employees in the marketing department are always racing against time. The employees have to work overtime and on holidays to cater to the demand.

Managers in the marketing department are under stress as they have to handle more than two territories. The work stress has led to dissatisfaction among the employees and managers.

  1. a) Name and explain the step of staffing process which has not been performed properly.
  2. b) State the next two stages immediately following the step identified in part „a‟.
  • „Unicon Securities Pvt. Ltd‟ was established to deal in securities. It was registered as a stock broker with National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) to trade in securities listed at these exchanges. It is also a depository participant with CDSL and NSDL. In the first three years, it developed its business successfully. After that the composition of Board of Directors changed. Some customers complained to the customer care centre of the company that shares purchased by them and for which the payment has been duly made, were not transferred to their D‟mat Accounts by „Unicon securities Pvt. Ltd‟ . The executive of customer care centre promised the aggrieved customers that their shares will be transferred to their respective D‟mat Accounts very soon. But the company delayed the matter and didn‟t transfer the shares of the customers to their D‟mat Accounts. This eroded investors‟confidence and multiplied their grievances.

1) Identify the step of trading procedure in a stock exchange which has not been followed by „Unicon Securities Pvt. Ltd‟ .

2) Name the Apex statutory body of capital market to whom customer can complain to redress their grievances.

3) Write two values not followed by Unicon Security Pvt. Ltd.

  • „Time Line‟ watch manufacturing company is a renowned company marketing watches. It performs various activities like, market analysis, product designing or merchandising, packaging, warehousing, branding, pricing, promotion and selling. The company maintains good customer relations through various follow up activities. This helps the company in procuring repeat sales orders.

(a) Name the concept related to the activities mentioned in the above paragraph.

(b) Explain any two features of the concept identified in part (a)

  • Naman and Govind after finishing their graduation under vocational stream decided to start their own travel agency which will book Rail Tickets and Air Tickets on commission basis. They also thought of providing tickets within ten minutes through the use of internet. They discussed the idea with their Professor Mr. Mehta who liked the idea and suggested them to first analyse the business environment which consists of investors, competitors and other forces like social, political etc. that may affect their business directly or indirectly. He further told them about the technological improvements and shifts in consumer preferences that were taking place and hence they should be aware of the environmental trends and changes which may hinder their business performance. He emphasised on making plans keeping in mind the threat posed by the competitors, so that they can deal with the situation effectively. This alignment of business operations with the business environment will result in better performance.

(i) Identify and state the component of business environment highlighted in the above Para.

(ii) State any two features of business environment as discussed by Professor Mehta with Naman and Govind.

(iii) Also state two points of importance of business environment as stated by Professor Mehta in the above situation.

  • „Shan Spices Ltd.‟ are the manufacturer of different food specific spices like Rajmaa Masala, Cholley Masala, AalooParantha Masala etc. Mr. Raghav, the owner of the company has created different departments for purchase, production, marketing, finance and human resource. There are thirty employees working in the organisation. Planning is of paramount importance to the company as Mr. Raghav believes that effective planning leads to achievement of organisational objectives. So in order to make employees focus on objectives, he issued instructions that during working hours only official matters will be discussed. He made certain rules and code of conduct for the employees to follow, according to which employees are not allowed to visit and talk to the employees of other departments except for official work. He emphasised on work performance which resulted in smooth functioning of the organisation.

1) Identify and state the type of organisation mentioned in the above para.

2) State one feature of the concept identified in part (1) as mentioned in the above para.

3) What was the purpose behind the formulation of rules for the employees that restricted their personal communication with the employees of other departments?

4) State two values violated by Mr. Raghav.

  • Describe briefly „Maslow‟s need hierarchy theory‟ of motivation?
  • Briefly explain work study techniques that help in developing standards to be followed throughout the organization.
  • „A business that doesn‟t grow dies‟, says Mr. Shah, the owner of Shah Marble Ltd. with glorious 36 months of its grand success having a capital base of `80 crores. Within a short span of time, the company could generate cash flow which not only covered fixed cash payment obligations but also create sufficient buffer. The company is on the growth path and a new breed of consumers is eager to buy the Italian marble sold by Shah Marble Ltd.

To meet the increasing demand, Mr. Shah decided to expand his business by acquiring a mine. This required an investment of `120 crores. To seek advice in this matter, he called his financial advisor Mr. Seth who advised him about the judicious mix of equity (40%) and Debt (60%). Mr. Seth also suggested him to take loan from a financial institution as the cost of raising funds from financial institutions is low. Though this will increase the financial risk but will also raise the return to equity shareholders. He also apprised him that issue of debt will not dilute the control of equity shareholders. At the same time, the interest on loan is a tax deductible expense for computation of tax liability.

After due deliberations with Mr. Seth, Mr. Shah decided to raise funds from a financial institution.

  1. a) Identify and explain the concept of Financial Management as advised by Mr. Seth in the above situation.
  2. b) State the four factors affecting the concept as identified in part „a‟ above which have been discussed between Mr. Shah and Mr. Seth.
  • „Coconut Joy Ltd.‟ are the manufacturer of vegetarian frozen dessert food products made with coconut milk, agave syrup and other certified ingredients. The founders of the company Lovely and Lalita originally developed this treat to meet their own needs but found that their friends and families around were also keen to use the products. It was not only the vegetarians, but also those who could not get enough environment friendly sustainable food, that appreciated the product.
  • It did not take long for Lovely and Lalita to recognise the potential of their little venture. In the beginning they started from their home with the product being sold through local family parties that enable guests to personally meet the owner. This helped to establish strong connections with the prospective buyers and the company could put the product on shelves of natural food store. The company used all marketing activities to grow and expand. The company began sponsoring booths at festivals, drawing attention to its newly created vegetarian products. It also disseminated relevant information to media about its products and the people who helped in building the company‟s reputation. Lovely and Lalita were invited for an interview with one of the leading TV channels in which they talked about their environment friendly vegetarian products. To show its gratitude to customers, local business and government officials who supported the company from the beginning, „Coconut Joy Ltd.‟ hosted a gala event and involved all of them to raise funds for a few local NGO‟s. The company also asked its fans and customers to send songs and poetry conveying their impression about „Coconut Joy‟s Ltd.‟ products.

(a) Identify and explain the communication tool used by „Coconut Joy Ltd‟.

(b) Briefly explain the role of the tool identified in „a‟ above.

 

 

 

 

Accountancy, XII

Holiday homework class 12 Accontancy

Business Studies, XII

Answer all questions.

  1. ‘Identifying and dividing the work’ is the first step in the process of one of the function of management. Identify the function.
  2. Shakti industries used to import animal fat for manufacturing Vanaspati Ghee. However, due to public protest company was forced to stop using animal fat in making of ghee.

Which dimension of business environment is relevant here?

  1. Name the type of organisation in which :
  • Friendly relationship exists among the members.
  • Official relationship exists among the members.
  1. State the type of plan does not allow any flexibility?
  2. Briefly explain the importance of business environment.
  3. Define the term ‘Functional Structure’ of an organisation and enumerate any three merits of this form of organisational structure.
  4. Explain how (a) Planning reduces the risk of uncertainty and (b) Planning involves huge costs.
  5. A recent rate cut in the interest on loans announced by the banks encouraged Sharma, a science student of Doon School to take a loan from State Bank of India to experiment and develop cars to be powered by fuel produced from garbage. He developed such a car and exhibited it in the Science Fair organised by Directorate of Education. He was awarded first prize for his invention.

Identify and explain the dimensions of business environment discussed in the above case.

  1. Enumerate the steps in the process of organising?
  2. Why does planning sometimes fail in spite of the best efforts of management? Give reason.
  3. Verma, after completing his MBA, took up a job with a multinational company named ‘Fortio’. The company was paying good salary and perks to its employees. The wages were within the paying capacity of the company that provided the employees a reasonable standard of good towards their subordinates. Verma was very happy in this organisation. But due to long working hours he did not have time to cook his meal. He had to depend upon outside food, which was deteriorating his health.

Verma observed that this problem was faced by many of his colleagues, not only in his company but also in many other companies. This was because of increase in the number of working men and non-availability of hygienic home-cooked food. He identified this as a great opportunity and decided to give up his job to supply packaged home-cooked food to office goers at a reasonable price. At the end of the day healso distributing the left-over food in the nearby night-shelters.

  • State the dimension of business environment being discussed above.
  • State the principle of management being followed by ‘Fortio’.
  • Identify any two values being communicated by the society in the above case.

 

  1. What is meant by organising? Explain the importance of organising

 

  1. “Defining organisational objectives is the first step in the process of planning”.Explain the other steps in this process.

 

  1. What is meant by leadership?

 

  1. Name the two types of incentives used to motivate people.

 

  1. Which function of management ensures that actual activities conform to

planned activities.

  1. How does motivation improve the efficiency of workers in an organisation? Give any three points.
  2. “To be a successful leader, one must possess some qualities”. State any three such qualities of a leader.
  3. Describe the relationship between controlling and planning functions of management?
  4. Briefly state the types of leadership styles?
  5. “Directing is the heart of management process”. Do you agree? Give any four reasons in support of your answer.
  6. Arun is working in a multinational company in Cochi. He was running temperature for the last many days. When blood was tested, he was found positive for dengue with a very low platelet count. Therefore, he was admitted in the hospital and a blood transfusion was advised by the doctors. One of his colleagues sent a text message about his immediate superior Mr.Narayan. Mr.Narayan in turn sent a text message to the employees of the organisation requesting to donate blood for Arun. When the General Manager came to know about it, he ordered for fumigation in the company premises and cleanliness for the surroundings.
  • From the above para quote lines that indicate formal and informal communication.
  • State any two features of informal communication.
  • Identify any two values that are being communicated to the society in the above case.

 

  1. What is controlling? Explain the various steps in the process of controlling?
  2. What is capital structure? Explain the factors affecting capital structure of a company?
  3. Explain the factors determining working capital requirements of accompany?

 

 

 

Date of submission:   06/10/2017

Accountancy XII

HOLIDAY HOMEWORK ACC 12

English XII

  1. You are living at 32/2, Mohan Singh Marg, Salem – 10. Your area regularly suffers from low voltage problem causing a lot of difficulties for the people.  Write a letter to the Executive Engineer, Tamilnadu Electricity Board, Salem – 5 requesting for urgent intervention. (150 words)
  2. You have a 3-bedroom apartment to be given out for rent. Draft a suitable advertisement to be inserted in the classified column of a newspaper. You are Sudheer, 11/1, Park Avenue, Chennai-4. (50 words)
  3. Swachhta Pakwada was celebrated in your school from 1.9.2017 to 15.9.2017 with a variety of activities. Write a report of the event to be published in your school magazine. Name yourself as Midhun/Meena, XI A, Govt. Model School, Madurai. (150 words

TEXT BOOKS

  1. ‘Deep Water’ gives us a strong message of hard work and determination for success in life.’ Elucidate (120 words)
  2. Comment on the good-parenting by Roger Skunk’s mother. (120 words)
  3. Griffin aroused suspicion in the minds of the Iping villagers right from the day he arrived there. Discuss. (120 words)

 

 

Computer Science XII

 

  1. Find and write the output of the following C++ program code :

Note : Assume all required header files are already being included in

the program.

void main()

{

int *Point, Score[]={100,95,150,75,65,120};

Point = Score;

for(int L = 0; L<6; L++)

{

if((*Point)%10==0)

*Point /= 2;

else

*Point -= 2;

if((*Point)%5==0)

*Point /= 5;

Point++;

}

for(int L = 5; L>=0; L–)

cout<<Score[L]<<“*”;

}

 

 

  1. Write the definition of a function AddUp(int Arr[], int N) in C++, in

which all even positions (i.e., 0,2,4,…) of the array should be added

with the content of the element in the next position and odd

positions (i.e., 1,3,5,…) elements should be incremented by 10.

Example : if the array Arr contains

23 30 45 10 15 25

Then the array should become

53 40 55 20 40 35

Note :

  • The function should only alter the content in the same array.
  • The function should not copy the altered content in another

array.

  • The function should not display the altered content of the

array.

  • Assuming, the Number of elements in the array are Even.

 

  1. ARR[15][20] is a two-dimensional array, which is stored in the

memory along the row with each of its elements occupying 4 bytes.

Find the address of the element ARR[5][15], if the element

ARR[10][5] is stored at the memory location 35000.

 

  1. Write the definition of a member function PUSHGIFT() for a class

STACK in C++, to add a GIFT in a dynamically allocated stack of

GIFTs considering the following code is already written as a part of

the program :

struct GIFT

{

int GCODE; //Gift Code

char GDESC[20]; //Gift Description

GIFT *Link;

};

class STACK

{

Gift *TOP;

public:

STACK(){TOP=NULL;}

void PUSHGIFT();

void POPGIFT();

~STACK();

};

 

 

  1. Write definition for a function SHOWMID(int P[][5], int R, int C) in C++ to

display the elements of middle row and middle column from a two dimensional

array P having R number of rows and C number of columns.

For example, if the content of array is as follows :

115 112 116 101 125
103 101 121 102 101
185 109 109 160 172

The function should display the following as output :

103 101 121 102 101

116 121 109

Business Studies, XII

  1. Define management?
  2. State the features of management?
  3. Explain the objectives of management?
  4. State various levels of management and also its functions.
  5. Explain whether management is a science and an art?
  6. Explain whether management is a full pledged profession.
  7. What is coordination? State its importance?
  8. Explain why management is necessary for the business?
  9. What are the social objectives of management?

Write any two functions of lower level management?

Accountancy, XII

  1. Define partnership?
  2. State and explain the features of partnership?
  3. What is partnership deed?
  4. State the contents of partnership deed?
  5. State the provisions affecting accounts in the absence of partnership deed.
  6. What is goodwill?
  7. State the factors affecting goodwill of a business?
  8. How will you calculate goodwill of a business.
  9. How will you calculate interest on drawings when a partner draws a specific amount in the beginning of every month/ middle of every month/ last day of every month.
  10. Explain various methods of valuation of goodwill?
  11. Develop a comprehensive problem in your own and from that pass necessary journal entries, prepare ledger accounts, trial balance , trading , profit and loss account and balancesheet on that date.

English, XII

  1. Make a summary of the ‘The Invisible Man’ in about 500 words.
  2. ‘The Invisible Man’ is a strong message by H G Wells against ‘Science without Morality’. Discuss in 120 – 150 words.
  3. Kemp finally appears as the saviour of the people of port Burdock. Comment in 120 – 150 words.
  4. ‘It is cruel to put stray dogs to death.’ Write a debate in 150 – 200 words either for or against the motion.  You are Sandeep/Sandya, XII A.

Chemistry, XII

Chemistry Class XII